Brickwork Terminology

Header: This denotes the end of a brick as seen in the wall face. (102.5X65)

Stretcher: The side of a brick as seen in elevation in a wall where the brick is laid flat (215X65)

Bed: The lower surface of the brick when laid flat. (215X102.5)

Closer: A portion of a brick cut longitudinally with one long face uncut.

eg.  Queen closer.

Course: This is a complete layer of bricks laid on the same bed. A heading course consists   of   only   headers whereas   a stretcher   course comprises of stretchers only as seen in elevation. These courses are generally of same thickness.

Bond: This is the method of arranging bricks in courses so that the individual    units are tied together. Bonds are distinguished by there elevation or face               appearance.

Cross-joint: The short vertical joints between two bricks.

Bed joint: Horizontal mortar joints between the two courses.

Types Of  Bond

Normally two types two used in site, these two types are,

I.      Japanese Bond.

II.      Stretcher Bond.

Japanese Bond

Bond consists of alternate course of Headers and two stretches. Normally Japanese bond is used in 225 mm

Stretcher Bond

Bond consists of stretches in every course, each vertical joints being over the middle of the bricks above and bellow. Normally stretcher bond used in half brick wall (112.5mm brick wall) for small partition wall.

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