Building Construction building material

Building Materials Usage for Domestic House

The quality or strength or durability of any building reflects with all the material which are getting used to construct it. Mainly, building materials  can be categorized to two types such as that are natural resources or recyclables and other one  is man-made products. As a example Sand, wood, thatch, clay, and stones will be the natural resources which can be used directly as construction material  and metal, glass and cement, tiles, and paint will be the man-made product, those products are made in  factory or industry as known as building industries. Any raw material or man made materials, which is used for construction requirement can named  building materials.

With all the development inside the real-estate sector that the building industry has experienced a significant boom within the last few years. At the beginning of times, people didn’t know of the science to building construction. So their houses were comprised of wood, clay stones or thatch. In a nutshell their homes were comprised of natural resources. But following innovations of  building materials like baked bricks, metal roofing sheets, asbestos sheets, floor and roof tiles etc. we have learned to create durable and more sophisticated  houses.

Within the time period we now have invented many other products, for example rapid setting concrete, charcoal and several other tiles and stones, many of these materials together make great buildings and much more faster with great strength and durable.

In case you are available of finding out building materials that suit to your newly building house or if you want any kind of information, you can find a large number of websites on internet that delivers info on building materials. But you can access to real information through the building engineer.

Many of new house owners get building plans from architectures or drafters which doesn’t include any list of building materials for fresh house. Most architects, designers, and drafters don’t supply these using their plans. Therefore, you need to called “Building Engineers”. A Building Engineer is a professional who’s acquainted with architectural drawings.

 They could calculate the various regions of the proposed homes or commercial structures from your completed building plans after which supply an exact set of materials which will be utilized to construct a building. They can calculated and list out buildings materials  through the entire structure to discover the amount of floor joists, rafters or trusses, masonry block, Sheetrock or wall paneling, roof and floor decking, etc., are expected .

Then each electrical and plumbing fixtures will be counted combined with the wiring and their connectors and pipes for your plumbing and their connections. Wiring could be measured while using want to calculate what lengths each receptacle, switch, and lightweight are from the other person giving just a little extra to be sure there’s enough for the position. Exactly the same method could be employed for the pipe utilized in the plumbing construction. Doors and windows would be also counted one at a time in addition to every other special trims and fixtures.

Most of the time people, they are buying or using building materials according to instruction of mason or carpenter that they don’t’ really understand what is the engineering behind the building materials or any thing. But the people who constructed without instruction of building engineers end up with extra cost or low quality house.  if you you want any assistant thorough the selecting building materials or building plans with complete fixture.


Building Construction Flood Control

Flood Control System – Usage of Lift Station

Lift station can be used as a powerful flood control system. Lots of people has been utilizing it within their housing applications, as a result of amazing services it gives you. However, more often than not, it’s found in commercial buildings. If you are employing a lift station, the pump should have to collect all waste water from your building or house, it doesn’t matter how much it rains.

If you are installing this kind of flood controller system in the building, you need to locate a pump in a basin. This can discharge the lake in to the sewer line and direct it on the municipal sewer line. If you are installing a flood control system your own house, it is vital to set up and gaze after it correctly. Installing the proper control system may also defend your property against sewer backing from city or perhaps the village sewer main. When you’re by using this  flood control system  at your house ., it is vital to administrate it properly.

Floods won’t only causes possessions damage, but in addition put your family’s life in peril. Therefore, it is vital to choose the best form of flood control system by considering your local area. For example, if you’re residing in a coastal area, you might need several types of flood systems and lift stations.

Whatever the case, in case you are incapable of find the appropriate form of lift station needed for your property, using the assistance of your expert is the most suitable choice to suit your needs. They will think about the kind of house, location, environment etc and allow you to pick the best  flood control system  to suit your needs and budget. Contemplating these above-mentioned factors will assist you to pick a qualified kind of system to your home.

Building Construction Carpentry Works Woodwork

Choosing Right Nails For Carpentry Projects

TO make sure the accomplishment of most the carpentry projects, make sure you select the right nails for carpentry projects. Nails can be found in several appearances for many types of various jobs, although some are easier to get than the rest. Prior to considering all of them, a couple of basic tips depend considering. The very first will be strength. Friction is the reason why a nail grip, way too long thick nails give a more suitable hold as compared to short thin types.

One more component may be the model of the nail’s shank; generally, nails together with particularly formed shanks will be strongest, as well as cut nails are more powerful when compared with wire nails. The cut nails trigger less cracks as compared to wire nails due to the fact, becoming blunt, they separate the wooden fibres that will create their very own holes, whilst wire nails basically push the fibres separate. Nails will not be very appealing.

The typical approach to covering them is always to strike its heads beneath the top wood and also fill the producing hollows together with preventing. However , if you might be obtaining things like carpet, fabric the big head available on many tacks as well as roof covering nails is important to keep the fabric in position. Lastly, consider corrosion. In many interior work regular mild steel nails are usually okay however outdoors, you’ll need a nail with increased corrosion resistance.

Typically what this means is a galvanized nail, nevertheless some other corrosion-resisting surface finishes can be found – and you will go for nails produced totally from metals which do not rust whatsoever, for instance brass, copper and also bronze.

Purchasing nails Any time purchasing nails, bear in mind they are tagged by length as opposed to size. Also, though it might be practical (if more costly) to get a little amount in packages and boxes, it really is cheaper to get loose nails distributed by weight, not really volume. Basic-goal nails Circular cable nails are utilized just for hard carpentry. Oval wire nails are employed in every forms of general wood project.

Lengths are for spherical wire nails, galvanized varieties can also be found. Misplaced head nails in many cases are used rather than ovals. Cut flooring brads are regular fixings regarding floorboards. Dimensions range between 20 to 150mm; there is a plain complete. Cut clasp nails bring difficult fixings in wood, as well as in masonry whether or not it’s pretty easy. Measures range between 25mm to 100mm.

Masonry nails are usually specifically solidified to create a realistically powerful fixing in brickwork and stuff like that. Twisted shanks grasp much better than plain ones. These come in different thicknesses plus size from around half inch to four inch. Plasterboard nails useful forfix together plasterboard to ceilings and stud walls, resemble but use a jagged shank for added grip. Panel pins are slim versions from the lost-head nail, found in fine work with fixing moldings and stuff like that. Lengths range between 12 to 50mm. Molding pins and veneer pins remain thinner lost-head nails and therefore are employed for fixing thin lippings and moldings. Lengths range between 12 to 25mm. Leave comment regarding right nails for carpentry projects.

Building Construction building material

Build Your Home with Right Building Material

Development can be a discipline where by innovative styles aren’t a originality whatsoever. Many people maintain performing nearly on a regular basis. Therefore, the tariff of the  building material  employed for building further more continues altering.

By way of example, using the climatic change and also the climatic change taking place around the world, far more peoples are a lot more aware as well as involved of the environment and so opt for environmental friendly building materials. It usually is good to learn some fundamental specifics of the items found in developing a structure. Due to the fact, a lot of people, at least one time within their life span, may wish to use a house which is associated with them. Below are a few construction materials used by every one a part of a structure.

Roofs are designed having asphalt tiles, solid wood tiles, alloys, glass tiles, etc. Though deciding on materials for rooftops you have to examine whether or not they possess wind and also fire prevention, rip strength as well as strength. Roofer goods can be found in unique layouts and still provide alternative of painting them various colors in it.

Walls tend to be developed with wooden, steel, concrete and so forth. When it comes to wall space, durability as well as strength will be exactly what issue the majority of compared to patterns. Outside appearance is actually needless to say significant however walls defend you against outside aspects. Therefore, you’ll need top quality materials to walls.

For floors you’ll find diverse materials employed like concrete, cement rendering floor, floor tiles, woods, rubber carpets, stone, marble  etc.. There’s also environmentally friendly materials like bamboo, cork etc. Aside from the materials provided over, you will find a lot more to help expand enhance your own building or business office.

It can be superior to have ideas through specialists before choosing the type of building material. By picking out the structure materials immediately after careful planning you can get the home that you just had been wanting for.

Building Construction Carpentry Works Woodwork

Carpentry Tips and Strategies

The woodworking program’s extremely important to own when you are conducting carpentry. Therefore you have understand some  carpentry tips and strategies  to go right job.

Every time a individual includes a approach they’re now willing to finish the same job in the specialist manner. A single characteristic a fantastic carpenter features can be preparing in advance.

Here’s a few proper methods to prepare a carpentry job, do-it-yourself job, and a lot of some other tasks that particular could be considering. Use a Eyesight A single fantastic way to prepare a task will be initially to experience a vision determine what you need previous to that becoming comprehensive. This can be a rule no 01.

If someone begins to create or even work with a project plus they are uncertain operate should certainly look they’re absolutely condemned. Not long ago i was employed in Bay Technique Refinery performing scaffolding then one thing that we noticed is ahead of constructing the scaffold it is vital to picture the way the end supplement just before making it. Only did not points may not figure out in a very effective manor.

Create a List Making a material checklist is vital. Most carpenters know a material can help to conserve commit associated with distress and also lost time. The pad checklist will not continually be exact however it must be very close. Normally his or her e-mail collection can be checked out twice to make certain anything is alright. Typically it’s not at all a tremendous list although some thing modest only to begin with.

Their particular email list includes circumstances to get the job done for instance nails, epoxy, tape, paint whatever. Furthermore build a device checklist on every one of the tools which will be want to do the work. Preparing is critical in carpentry,getting ready helps make the task proceed steady. Receive the Work Completed The next thing will get the work done. Putting the pieces together.

Try and enjoy yourself every day life is everything you ensure it is consequently live up and also have a lot of fun. Several carpentry tasks is often more difficult than others. Like to challenge on your own it’ll make that you simply much better person inside brief and long term. During the carpentry job I’ve been challenged by also however nut getting persistent really received me by way of and you may undertake the very same. If you have difficulties about carpentry tips and strategies, write a comment in below form.

Carpentry Tips and Strategies
Building Construction formwork design

Formwork Design

Formwork Design criteria for the water retaining structures..

1 The erected forms will be watertight in the ingress of external liquids and egress of internal liquids.

2 The look of formwork will consider; height and rate of pour; thickness of member; concrete slump and density; placing temperature; texture of finish; construction joints; wind load.

3 On soffit forms (along with concrete weight) one more live load of two.5 kN/m2, or one more live load of three.75 kN/m2 if your motorised cart can be used.

4 The minimum design load for combined dead and live load will be 6.50 kN/m2, or, if a motorised cart can be used, 7.75 kN/m2.

5 Within the assessment of loads, the worst mixture of self-weight, form work forces, reinforcement weight, wet concrete weight, construction loads, wind loads, incidental dynamic effects brought on by placing, vibrating and compacting concrete, using externally applied vibrators, approach to concrete discharge and access for concrete placement and vibration will be used.

6 Formwork will be made to be demountable without shock, disturbance or harm to concrete, and sufficiently rigid to keep the right position, shape and profile so the final concrete structure is at the dimensional tolerances based on BS 5328.

7 Soffit formwork, properly supported on shores only, will be able to be retained in place during concrete maturing period.

8 Adjustable steel supports and shores shall allow form-boards and framework to become accurately adjusted to line and level.

9 The look will allow free movement and accessibility under formwork.

10 Shores for abnormal ceiling heights will be specially designed.

11 Forms will incorporate 20 mm chamfers on exposed corners of columns, walls and beams, except where plaster or rendered finish is specified.

12 The Contractor will make sure that adequate ground support for shoring and supports is available, and when not, will take measures to ensure they are suitable.

Building Construction

Water Stops

Water stops are used in joints such as construction joints,expansion joints where the concrete structure which is retaining or faced to hydrostatic pressure to avoid leaks or penetration to other side.


Super cast PVC water stops are extruded from a high grade PVC compound that has been formulated to give excellent flexibility & longevity characteristics. These are designed to provide an integral sealing system for movement and construction joints in concrete cast in situation. These joints typically occur in the following types of structure.

1)    Water retaining structure
Reservoirs, water towers and sewage tanks
Dams, culverts, canals and spillways
Swimming pools
Bunded areas surrounding liquid retaining tanks

2)    Water excluding structure
Basements and underground car parks
Tunnels and subways
Abutments and retaining walls
Roof decks and podium areas

Super cast water stops are available as,
1)    Straight lengths
2)    Factory produced intersections
3)    Factory prefabricated segment of a network to minimize site jointing

Water stops must be installed so that they are securely held in their correct position while the concrete is being placed. Concrete must be fully compacted around the water stops to ensure that no voids or porous areas remain. Where reinforcement is present, an adequate clearance must be left to permit proper compaction
When used on ground slabs where the water stop is supported on blinding, rearguard profiles usually require no fixing. Lay the water stop centrally over the line of the joint to be formed.
The choice of the width and thickness of water stops is largely depend on concrete thickness, the position of reinforcement, aggregate size and completing of the pour.

This shall be a wood float finish. Floating shall be done after the initial set of the concrete has taken place and the surface has hardened sufficiently. Concrete shall be worked no more than is necessary to produce a uniform surface free from screed marks.


This finish shall be a hard smooth steel-troweled finish. Troweling shall not commence until the moisture film has disappeared and the concrete has hardened sufficiently to prevent excess Latinate from being worked into the surface. Surface shall be troweled under firm pressure and left free from trowel marks. All surfaces, which are not to be covered with a further finish, will be U3 finish. All surfaces on which further finishing screed or treatment are to be applied, will be U2 finish.

Building Construction

Brickwork Bonds

There is several brickwork bonds use in construction but here we are going to introduce only few bonds & those are English bond which is used for 225mm thick walls and stretcher bond.

English Bond

This bond consists of alternate course of headers and stretchers. In this arrangement, vertical joints in the header courses come over each other than the vertical joints in the stretcher course are also in the same line. For the breaking of vertical joints in the successive course it is essential to place queen closer, after the first header in each heading course.

Stretcher Bond

In this brickwork bonds all the bricks are laid as stretchers. This bond is used for half-brick partition walls only. As this bond does not develop proper internal bond, it should as far as possible be not used for walls having thickness more than half brick.

Brick Wall Strengthening Method

Dowel Fixing in Brickwork

Dowels are steel rods ( Y10 or Y12) use for strengthening purposes where brick walls and concrete faces are meet together and also it prevents cracking along the joint due to vibrations.

Normally dowels can be fixed at two stages.

1. Dowels are fixed before concreting structural members like columns and retaining walls. the positions where dowels should be fixed are determined by using relevant floor plan drawings/
2. Dowels can be fixed after concreting structural members. Holes are drilled to the desired diameter at the place where brick wall joint to the surface. Dowel is dipped in to the hole with construction grout or with epoxy


When 112.5mm thick walls are constructed to high level and to long the walls strength and stability falls. Hence to increase the strength and stability vertical and horizontal stiffness are provided at intermediate places. Stiffeners are reinforced concrete studs which are doweled to the slab or columns.

Building Construction

Brick Laying Method

Brick laying method is to be follow brick wall construction, we should refer relevant drawings provided for brick wall construction (architectural drawings for brick works, doors and windows so on) and should identify the places where openings are appeared and their dimensions (width, height), with of the wall, and the type of bond specified.

In the setting out relevant lines are provided on the slab so that the construct the brick wall. The surface is well cleaned. It should be free from dust, grease, stain and other loosely bonded particles. The surface is first dampened and cement grout can be applied to the surface so that increase the bonding. The first mortar bed is put between lines and leveled to the uniform thickness using trowel.

Two bricks are first laid at ends pressing them into the mortar as full-face contact with. It should be as edges are aligning with given lines. For laying other bricks a line is stretched between two bricks at ends so as edges are align. This is done for maintain the level and to align edges of he brick course. Next mortar is filled in to the mortar joints and presses them in the gap by using trowel. Then another mortar bed is laid on the 1st brick course and leveled to a uniform thickness. The brick laying method is typical for the upper layers as first layer but at the each layer beyond, the two bricks laid at ends should be plumb to the bottom bricks at straight below before stretching the thread between.

Building Construction

Brick Wall

Brick wall of a building serve several functions. In the cases where they are used to transmit loads, known as load bearing walls. Generally thickness 225mm or higher walls are constructed as load bearing walls.
In some cases walls they are used for partition purposes. Then they are known as non- load bearing walls. They just transmit their own weight but not additional loads (imposed loads)

Characteristics of Brick Wall

1.    Good compressive strength.
2.    Durability.
3.    Good fire resistance

4.    Capable of transmit loads without failure.
5.    Good appearance.
6.    Requires low maintenance.
7.     Low damp resistance
8.    Good heat insulation property

Rules to follow during the brick wall construction

1.    Two vertical mortar joints of successive courses should not align.
2.    Whenever new course is started, the verticality should be checked by using plumb bob (the new layer should be plumb to bottom layer).
3.    The horizontality and the level should be maintained (stretching a thread between first laid bricks at ends of walls, so that align them).
4.    The width of the brick wall should be maintained by measuring its width by using measuring tape.
5.     All corners (right angles) should be checked by using masons square for each course.
6.    Brick walls should not be constructed to a height over1.5m within a day.
7.    Tooth should be provided always for succeeding constructions according to the drawings.
8.    bricks should be soaked in water before laying

The rules are following as guide line to make quality brick walls which having certain characteristics to fulfill and this may slightly differ with the country used on.