Culvert Construction

6. Safety Plan

6.1 Safety Management Action Plan
In order to minimize the occurrence of site accident, the provision of a safe working environment for workers to work is essential. In addition to the above, the following safety precaution must also be implemented in achieving the minimization of site accidents.

6.1.1 Site Staff and Labor
• Safety Induction Training would be conducted to all new employees by the Safety Officer prior to start any work.
• Regular safety induction courses and toolbox talks would be arranged on site for operative and supervisory staffs and in particular for those new workers.
• Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) such as safety boots and helmets would be provided with workers.  In addition, adequate PPE (e.g. ear and eye protectors) should also be available for construction works as required.
• Barricades with warning signs would be established all around the excavated area, “Bridge/Culvert under Repair” the wording would be given in all three languages.
• All tools, plant, equipment and temporary facilities and all other items use to carry out the work should be in a safe, sound and good condition.
• Alcoholic drinks and other substances, which may impair judgment, would be prohibited from the Site.
• Working Radius: Mammoties and jungle clearing knife should have working space to move freely without hurting other employees.
• Fall Prevention Measures: Investigation would be take place to identify falling hazards and preventive measures would be taken immediately.
• Workers would not be allowed to work in the stream water unless provide with a safety belt with a long lanyard in order to rescue them in case of drowning. In addition, workers would be provided with life jackets.
• A notice would be erected to prevent outsiders entering to our work sites, “No Entry for Outsiders”.
• Signalmen would be deployed if the work spaces disturb traffic flow in the main road.  A traffic supervisor would also be deployed to take responsibility over the traffic control.
• First Aid Facilities: First aid facilities such as a first aid box would be made available for in case of minor injury treatment.

6.1.2 Traffic Safety
• All traffic safety arrangements would be implemented as specified in the Manual on Traffic Control Devices – Part II Traffic Control Devices for Road Works published by the National Safety Secretariat – Ministry of Highways.
• One way traffic would be arranged placing two barricade boards on either sides, sufficient traffic cones would be placed as required by the road bend and space, two signalmen would be deployed on either sides and two barrels would be placed in order to provide safety guard to the signalmen from oncoming vehicles, and barricade tapes would also be tie up.(Refer to Manual on Traffic Control Devices – Part II Traffic Control Devices for Road Works published by the National Safety Secretariat, Ministry of Highways.

6.2 Safety Officer (SO), Safety Patrol and Safety Meeting
The culvert construction work will be subject to the Safety Officer’s regular supervision and operations there will also come under review during the regular safety patrols.
In concern with the approach to continual reinforcement to safety measures, there will also be daily meetings held during the course of the works, where site safety matters will be part of the agenda.  These meetings will focus mainly on highlighting the dangers associated with and the measures to taken for the actual works being carried out at the time.

6.3 Safety Control
Safety control and verifications include the periodic verification of a clean and tidy working environment, of adequate safety equipment and safety belts, of adequate first-aid facilities etc, as well as the verification of other items particular to the steps detailed in this method statement.
a. All workers shall be educated in the use of excavators, bulldozers, & backhoes, such as the excavator arm & bucket distance and buffer zone in order to prevent from injuries.
b. Signalmen would be deployed in order to alert workers and traffic on the road.
c. Operators would be thoroughly instructed to prevent pushing soil loads into the main road area.
d. Roots would be cut and removed using chain saw and backhoe within the barricaded area. When a dump truck is positioned for loading debris signalmen would be deployed on either side to control traffic.
e. Road surface would be cleaned and washed in order to prevent from dusty conditions.
f. If the work would be carried out in night times, special care would be taken to arrange suitable, safe working environment with necessary lighting arrangement.

7. Environment Control
a. Strict environmental compliance would be implemented with regard to disposal of any demolished debris.  The debris in question would be transported and dump in the disposal areas as approved by the Engineer.
b. Disposable materials would not be dumped into streams or unauthorized areas.
c. Effort would be made to clean the affected road surface, i.e., brushed off, and washed off to prevent from dust pollution.
d. Top soil shall be collected before cutting the slope in order to plant vegetation after completion of required area is being cut.
e. Local Environmental rules would be followed in the slope cutting i.e. shall not reach to a fence and cutting shall be 3ft away from a private land, if not retaining wall would be proposed to prevent from erosion.
f. Every effort would be made to ensure no environmental pollution complaints from residents of this area with regard to air and water pollution.
g. Environmental complaints would be registered in the complaint register as specified in the Environmental Implementation Action Plan.
h. Every effort would be made not to disturb prevailing surface water run off.  In case of prevailing surface water run off could be disturbed then investigation would be conducted to find out proper irrigation channeling system such as “ Athulwana or pitawana”, which was used in the olden irrigation system.
i. Water pool area would not be disturbed when disposing excavated soil. In case of a paddy field it would be filled and disturbed then the approval for reclamation would be obtained from the Agrarian Services Department prior to filling.
j. Water streams and water wells would be prevent from pollution. Equipment and vehicles shall not be allowed to wash in the drinking water wells or streams.
k. Noise pollution prevention effort would be made to minimize construction noise levels. Vehicles and equipments would be maintained in good condition in order to prevent from noise pollution.
l. A water bowser mounted sprinklers would be used to minimize dust pollution.
m. All workers involved in slope cutting shall be educated with regard to ancient antiques, temples, and “Ambalama” to be protected.

8. Social  Aspect
a. Workers involved in construction in this area would be educated with regard to HIV/AIDS prevention. Separate HIV/AIDS prevention education program would be conducted along with Medical Officer of Health / Public Health Inspector.
b. Relevant authorities shall be educated with regard to project affected people prior to start work in these areas. Leaflets and other sources of education material with regard to construction shall be distributed among the project affected people.
c. Every effort would be made to minimize the disturbance from the project.
d. If not convince to an affected person with regard to disturbances every effort would be made to direct them to Residents Engineer for amicable settlement.

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