Project Management


The form of  project control methods  must be simple, easily understood and practical

Factors affecting the degree of project control are:-

• Size of Job.

• Ability of personnel employed on the work.

• The amount of direct supervision that can be given by the site supervisor.

• The rate of construction.

The success of labour control is dependent on regular inspections being carried out and discussions taking place with gangs and crews so that they know what they are expected to do and also the consequences of it not being done.

To supervise effectively, the site supervisor should have a detailed, intimate knowledge of all the construction operations and techniques relating to the work he is to carry out. This requires careful  study  of  the  plans  and  specification  to  understand  what  is  required  and  a  study  of the information  contained  in  the  relevant  project scope  on  how  to  achieve  the necessary results.

For effective project control methods, Other sources of information for the foreman are his site engineer, the construction manager, quantity surveyor, Engineering Laboratary staff, plant managers etc. -remember, when in doubt – ASK.

The  supervisor/foreman/site engineer  must  be  able  to  detect  quickly  any  deficiencies  before  they  become serious. The following rules should be observed :-

• Inspections  must  be  timely,  thorough  and  systematic.  Read the  relevant  clauses  of  the specification just before going out to inspect. Make a list of points which must be checked.  • Make close inspections at the start of operations, e. g. it is better to condemn 10 m3 of faulty material at the start of paving than l00 or 1000 m3 later.

• Observe each operation and think about how it can be simplified or improved.

• Plan  the  testing  and bill of quantites  procedures  of  the  job  to  yield  the  necessary  information promptly and efficiently.

• When deficiencies are observed, decide immediately what corrective action is required and make sure that it is carried out, e. g. when supervising earthmoving operations, do not stand by  and  watch  a  dozer working uphill when it should be working downhill -reconsider and reorganize the plant operations.

• Observe the resources (manpower, materials and plant) that are in use and make an honest assessment of actual need -act accordingly.