Earth Works Road Construction

Terms Used in Earthworks – Part 1

The following terms used in earthworks regularly. You need to understand these terms thoroughly will help you to read and communicate with others very well.  

Backfilling     :  The material replaced in an excavation.

Batter              :The uniform side slope of walls, banks, cuttings etc.The  degree of such slope, usually expressed as – horizontal to 1 vertical as distinct from grade.

Batter             :  To from a uniform side slope to a wall, bank, or cutting.

Bench             : A ledge cut in the batter of a cutting in a curve to provide sight distance. A ledge cut or formed in the batter of a cutting or bank to provide greater security against slips.

 Borrow           :  Filling obtained by excavating at some point other than the cuttings required for the construction of the road.

Borrow          :  To obtain  filling  from some point other than the excavation required for the work.

Borrow pit   :  An excavation outside the formation limits for obtaining filling.

Box cut          :  That portion of the road where both sides are in cut.

Boxing            :  The space formed above the level of the sub-grade by the shoulders to receive the paving material.(Box)

Clearing   *    :  Felling of all trees and scrub – by cutting or breaking off not higher than 0.7 m above ground level including the removal of all artificial obstructions including fences,old buildings, unless otherwise specified.  (  Grubbing )

Compaction  :  The process of reducing the volume of a material by including the closer packing of its particles by rolling, tamping, or other mechanical means.

Compact       :  To reduce the volume of a material by including the closer packing of its particles by rolling, tamping or other mechanical means.

Consolidation :  The process by which earth or soil reduces in volume over a period of time usually involving loss of water.

Consolidate  :  To reduce in volume naturally.

Cut                   :  The depth from natural surface of the ground to the finished road surface below.

Next part of the terms in  earthwork construction  can be accessed here. These typical terms are used in construction works in regularly